Alloy Analyzer is an XRF spectroscopic analysis technique that can be used to identify and quantify specific elements in a substance.
It can determine the specific element based on the emission wavelength (λ) and energy (E) of X-rays, and determine the amount of that element by measuring the density of the corresponding rays. The elemental composition of substances can be determined using XRF.
Each atom has its own fixed number of electrons (electronegative particles) orbiting the nucleus. And the number of electrons is equal to the number of protons (positively charged particles) in the nucleus. The number of protons can be found from the atomic number in the periodic table.
Each ordinal number corresponds to a fixed element name. Energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence and wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy analysis techniques are specifically explored and applied to the activityen of the three inner electron orbitals, namely K, L and M. Among them, the K orbital* is close to nucleus, and each electron orbital corresponds to a specific energy level of an element.
In XRF analysis, high-energy primary beam photons emitted by an X-ray tube strike sample elements. These primary photons contain enough energy to knock and derail electrons in the innermost layer, the K or L layer.
At this point, the atoms become unstable ions. Since the electrons instinctively strive for stability, the electrons in the outer L or M shells invade the space that makes up the inner shell. When these electrons migrate from the outer shell to the inner shell, they release energy called secondary X-ray photons.
The whole process is called fluorescence radiation. The secondary rays of each element have their own characteristics. TheEnergy generated by X-ray photon fluorescence radiation is determined by the energy difference between the inner and outer layers in electron conversion.
The number or density of X-rays emitted by a given element over a given period of time can be used to measure the amount of that element. A typical XRF energy distribution spectrum shows the photon density distribution at different energies.