The urine analyzer is an automated instrument used to determine specific chemical components in urine. It is an important tool for automatic urine testing in medical laboratories. This instrument offers the advantages of simple and quick operation.
Principle of operation
This type of instrument is generally controlled by a microcomputer, and the color on the test strip is measured with a spherical integrator When receiving reflected Light with two wavelengths, the changes were measured semi-quantitatively.
There are several reagent pads with different reagents on the reagent strip, each of which reacts independently with the corresponding components in the urine and shows different colors, with the color depth depending on the composition of a particular component in the urine In the reagent strip there is another balancing pad which is used as the background color of theUrines serves to compensate for the errors caused by colored urine and instrument changes.
Put the reagent strip that has absorbed urine into the instrument's colorimetric tank, and the various reagent pads that have undergone chemical reactions on the reagent strip will be irradiated by the light source, and the reflected ones Light is captured by the spherical integrator. On reception, the photocell of the spherical integrator is irradiated with the reflected light of two wavelengths (measurement light that passes through the filter and a reference light beam), and the selection of each wavelength is determined by the detection element.
The instrument automatically calculates the reflectance according to the following formula, and then compares it with the standard curve to automatically find and print the corresponding results of different components. If the content of a certain component in the urine is high, reflexthe corresponding reagent pads animate the light darker, otherwise er.
Formula for reflectance: R (%)=Tm.Cs/TsCm×100%
R (%) in the formula is reflectance ; Tm is the reflection intensity of the reagent pad at the measured wavelength; Ts is the reflection intensity of the reagent pad to the reference wavelength; Cm is the reflection intensity of the calibration pad to the measured defect length; Cs is the reflection intensity of the calibration pad to the reference wavelength.
(1) Classification according to the working method can be divided into wet urine analyzers and dry urine analyzers. Among them, the dry urine analyzer is mainly used to automatically evaluate the measurement results of the dry test paper method, and is widely used in clinical practice because of its simple structure and convenient use.
(2) According to the test items, it can be divided into 8 urine analyzers, 9 Urbe divided into analyzers, 10 urine analyzers, 11 urine analyzers, 12-point urine analyzers and 13-point urine analyzer and 14-point urine analyzer.
Test items include urine protein, urine glucose, urine pH, urine ketone bodies, urine bilirubin, urobilinogen, urine occult blood, nitrite, urine leukocytes, urine specific gravity, vitamin C and turbidity.
(3) According to the degree of automation, it can be divided into semi-automatic urine analyzer and fully automatic urine analyzer.
However, improper use of the urine analyzer, as well as many intermediate connections and influencing factors, directly affect the accuracy of the automatic analysis results, which leads not only to errors in the test results, but even delays The diagnosis, therefore, surgery is required. The principle, performance and attention of the urine analyzerTo the results obtained from the urine analyzer reliableTo make it more and more accurate, it is necessary to fully understand the precautions and influencing factors, and to use the urinalysis device correctly.